Recently I have written a post about what CI is and how it can help in managing a project. Now I would like to show how easly anybody can start using it.
Choosing a CI service
GitHub offers integrations with remote services and among them there are plenty of CI solutions. As I am using it as a repository for Łapka I’ve decided to choose one of available options. Setting up a CI on an own server is quite a big effort and many (or maybe even all?) CI services integrated with GitHub are free for open source projects.
My choice was Travis because it offers not only Python support but also integration with a Tox which is a Python tool for automation of test activities. Thanks to Tox I can run tests on my dev machine and on Travis without writing any additional code.
Setting up Travis
1. Turn on the integration on GitHub
This is pretty straightforward: just go to the Travis integration page on GitHub and click that big green button which says “Add to GiHub”. A simple to use wizard will guide through a whole process.
Configuring Travis is simple, at least a basic one. An user only needs to add
.travis.yaml (mind the dot at the beginning of that name!) file to the root
of the repository which should use continuous integration and fill it with some
sudo: false language: python cache: pip python: - "3.6" install: pip install tox-travis script: tox after_success: - codecov
Let me now explain what each line means:
sudo- whether or not use root privileges. If not, build is run in a Docker container,
language- this is pretty self explanatory - which language a project is written in,
cache- cache installed dependencies, not to reinstall them every build so buld times should be reduced. There are caches for a few other languages as well. For Python I’ve set it to pip as it’s a Python’s package manager,
python- Travis supports a thing called build matrix, which allows an user to build package against different environments - in this case a version of a language but there are more options (a database, for instance). I am using Tox for this. This option is, of course, Python-specific, there are similar for other languages,
install- dependencies required by a project to run a build. Again, I’m using Tox for it so I only need to install its integration with Travis,
script- basically a program which needs to be run on Travis, like a test runner, a linter and so on. Nobody will be surprised if I tell I’m using Tox for that ;-) User can specify many commands here,
after_success- what Travis should do after a successful build. In my case I want an another service integrated with GitHub, Codecov, to measure a code coverage.
There are some other configuration options which I have no need to use right now. To learn more about them, and Travis in general, check out its docs.
That’s it, Travis is set up. Pretty simple, nah? Now a team just need to be conscientious about writing new (and maintaining old) tests.
One more thing - how to check if a build succeeded or failed? It’s even easier than getting started with CI - Travis will build any pull request submitted to a project and put the build status in pull request. This, with GitHub possibility to prevent merging a pull request with a failed build, is a pretty robust tool. Travis behaviour can also be changed to run a build on every push.